Sociólogo e Professor
Na semana de 13 a 19 de julho, em Yokohama, no Japão, ocorreu o XVIII Congresso Mundial de Sociologia da Associação Internacional de Sociologia (ISA). Esteve presente um paper relacionado à minha dissertação de Mestrado Acadêmico, apresentado pela minha orientadora, agora de Doutorado, a Professora Drª Marília Patta Ramos, do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia da UFRGS. O trabalho, intitulado The Impact Of Cultural Capital On Students’ Performances In Brazil, fez parte do Research Committee on Sociology of Education (RC04). Segue abaixo o resumo da apresentação, que também pode ser visualizado no documento Book of Abstracts, na página 795.
The main goal of this study is to verify the effect of cultural capital on students’ performances through an official test applied by the Brazilian government (Prova Brasil), the students are part of the Brazilian Elementary to High School Evaluation System (SAEB). The data set used is from the year of 2003 and involves 52.434 students. The standard test is applied every other year in the fields of mathematics and Portuguese. Along with the test a questionnaire is applied to identify students’ demographic characteristics as well as their families’ profile. The research question is: what is the impact of cultural capital on students’ performances in the SAEB test controlling for their demographic characteristics and relations with other students and their teachers? The theoretical background is based on James Coleman (1997), Pierre Bourdieu (1982, 1998) and Basil Bernstein (1997). Among Brazilian scholars the study includes the ideas of Nelson Silva and Carlos Hasenbalg (2000) and Maria Ligia Barbosa (2009). The study model has as the dependent variable the students’ grades in the SAEB test and the cultural capital as the main independent variable along with the control variables. Descriptive analyses are used as well as regression models to obtain the effect of the independent variables on the dependent variable. The preliminary and main results show that there is significant association between levels of cultural capital and students’ performances in the SAEB test. Specifically, there is a significant and positive correlation between parents’ education, ownership of computer, access to the internet and newspaper reading with the performances in the SAEB test.